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Thematic reviews and research

Read about the issues affecting people in different types of detention.

Photograph of a building painted with a large, scenic mural.

Improving behaviour in prisons: A thematic review

To reduce reoffending rates and create fewer victims of crime it is vital that prison leaders find ways to support prisoners to behave well. In this thematic report, we identify the features of eight prisons that have created cultures which are encouraging men and women to engage constructively with staff and make better use of their time in custody.

We hope that it inspires prison leaders to look for what is achievable within their own establishment.

A view from inside a prison cell through a barred door

The long wait: A thematic review of delays in the transfer of mentally unwell prisoners

Against a backdrop of rising prison populations and frailties in staffing, HM Inspectorate of Prisons, in partnership with the Care Quality Commission (CQC), undertook this thematic to scrutinise the delays in seriously mentally unwell people accessing care.

We hope that our concerning findings will prompt immediate action.

Photograph of an exercise yard, which has a mural on the walls and outdoor seating.

Children in custody 2022-23

Since 2001 HM Inspectorate of Prisons has carried out a survey of all children living in young offender institutions (YOIs) and secure training centres (STCs)
across England and Wales. In 2022–23 83% of children responded.

This report focuses on the children held and their experiences in custody; their perceptions of care and the links to behaviour management in custody; and how the youth estate is recovering from the pandemic.

Read more thematic reviews